CAD is the result of plaque buildup in the walls of the arteries that provide blood to the heart and other areas. Comprised of cholesterol and other substances, plaque sticks to the walls and restricts the flow of blood. Overtime, the plaque builds up inside the arteries and blocks the flow of blood which can lead to a heart attack.

Tests to diagnose CAD

  • EKG,
  • Echocardiogram
  • Exercise Stress Test
  • Chest X-ray
  • Cardiac Catheterization

How to prevent CAD

Behavioral modifications are the preferred route; including increasing amount of exercise, eating healthier and quitting smoking. There are also medications that treat the risk factors for CAD and surgical options to restore blood flow.